Bird Status

Population Management Units (PMUs)

In April 2015, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service decided that the Bi-State sage-grouse did not require protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).  This FWS press release describes the reasons not to list in more detail.

The key reasons not to list were the success of the Bi-State Action Plan (BSAP) and the commitment to $45 million in federal and state funding to ensure the projects in the BSAP are implemented and completed over the next 10 years. 

This link provides the documentation the partners provided to the FWS to show the conservation commitment.

What are the threats to the Bi-State Sage-Grouse (BSSG) and its habitat?

The primary threats to the BSSG and its habitat vary by Population Management Unit (PMU) (See Linked Table for threats by PMU and map above for PMUs). However, wildfire and conifer encroachment are the highest threats across the entire Bi-State.

Male sage-grouse strut

What is the Bi-State Sage-Grouse?

The Bi-State DPS is a genetically unique meta-population of greater sage-grouse that lives in the far southwestern limit of the species’ range. This genetic distinction may be the result of natural geologic events and subsequent long-term geographic isolation based on prevailing physiographic and habitat conditions.

Where does it live?

The range of the Bi-State DPS occurs covers an area approximately 170-miles long and up to 60 miles wide. It includes portions of five counties in western Nevada: Douglas, Lyon, Carson City, Mineral, and Esmeralda; and three counties in eastern California: Alpine, Mono, and Inyo. 

Sage-grouse depend on a variety of shrub steppe vegetation communities throughout their life cycle and are considered obligate users of several species of sagebrush including Wyoming big sagebrush, mountain big sagebrush, basin big sagebrush, low sagebrush and black sagebrush. In the Bi-State, bitterbrush and other shrub species are also a key component of the habitat. 

Population Management Units